For book/ebook authors, publishers, & self-publishers
Gregory V. Boulware, Esq.
Un-Holy Desecration! ..."He Who Robs The Graves Of Egypt DIES!"
"Herein Are Set Down, The Magic Words By Which "Isis" Raised "Osiris" From the Dead..."
"Oh Amen-Ra... Oh! God of Gods...Death is But The Doorway to New Life! We live Today - We Shall Live Again In Many Forms Shall We Return"
~ Imhotep ~
A destitute archeology team in Suburban Philadelphia, PA, has dreamed up a way to make enough money to fund any and all future expeditions. The idea would eliminate the need to seek or petition colleges or universities and other factions as well, for funding digs and excavations. They could become independent business moguls with this new idea... The scheme of things would be to start an educational touring and teaching foundation - a school and membership club. The groups sessions would include world-wide travel to ancient lands and burial sites across the globe. "All we have to do is put together a pricing package and schedule a few classes with assignment projects to keep the members...students interested and excited about the traveling aspect...I do believe they'll go for it. Think about it - the church's and religious groups do it all the time...except we'll be a legitimate teaching entity - a bonafide school of higher learning...none credit of course."
The first class began four months later... The first study course assignment is "Ancient Egyptian Burial Sites and The Mummies Therein!"
Beginning with a visit to the "Temple of Karnak" and "The Tomb of Amen" - "Ipet Isut," and "The Tomb of "Meraruka" in Sakkara, Kemet.
One of the female students suddenly felt cold...like someone with icy-fingers was stroking her spine. She shivered with cold and a horrible dread.
"I've never before felt such and aura of menace...It's as if death was stalking us with this new assignment. I so terribly feel drawn to the dig...it's as if I am compelled to go on this expedition, this class trip, and search for something...someone!"
Egypt is an ancient city. The Nile Valley is one of the birthplaces of world civilization. Down through the ages, this region has remained one of the most romantic places in the world. It harbors wondrous monuments, which border the Nile from below Aswan in the south to Cairo in the north. The great pyramid(s) of Giza was one of the seven wonders of the ancient world and is the only one that has survived. The "Sphinx" has mystified and fascinated people for centuries.
Well-preserved, brilliantly colored wall paintings in ancient tombs picture the life of the Egyptian People some 4,000 years ago. For centuries, people from many lands have visited Egypt to see the marvels. Among the visitors of long ago was the Greek Historian Herodotus, who said, "Egypt is the gift of the Nile!"
Egypt is bordered by Libya on the west and by Sudan on the south. It extends north as far as the Mediterranean Sea and east to the Red Sea and the Guild of Suez. Egypt also includes the Sinai Peninsula. The Peninsula is the site of Egypt's highest mountain, Gebel Katherina (Mount Catherine), which rises to an altitude of 2,637 meters (8,651 feet). Except for the Nile River and its delta, Egypt is a land of brown arid deserts. To the west of the Nile stretches a part of the vast Libyan Desert. The the east lies the Arabian, or Eastern, Desert.
Outside the Nile Valley and the Nile-irrigated Suez Canal Region, there are few areas where water is available for farming. The Faiyum Oasis, on the edge of the desert, lies southwest of Cairo. In the Libyan Desert are the "Kharga," "Dakhla," "Farafra," and "Siwa Oasis." The Siwa Oasis is noted for having been visited by 'Alexander The Great.'
The Sun shines almost every day in Egypt. Rain is scarce throughout the entire land. Alexandria; located in the wettest part of the country, gets only about 200 millimeters (8 inches) of rain each year. The southern parts of the country average 75 millimeters (3 inches) or less.
Summers in Egypt are hot and dry. Temperatures reach about 40'C (105'F). In parts of the Libyan Desert, the temperature may rise to almost 50'C (about 120'F) when the Khamsin - a hot, dry, desert wind - blows.
Winters are warm and pleasant. Egypt (Kemet) is primarily an agricultural country. Intensively cultivated, the Nile Valley is one of the most productive areas in the world. Recently, the leaders of Egypt have been making great efforts in bringing the country into age of industrialization. Most of the people live on less than four percent of the land. Nearly 80,000 wandering 'Bedouins' live in the deserts, which make up the other ninety-six percent of Egypt's/Kemet's area.
Egyptian "City-Dwellers" live in apartment houses, in private homes in suburbs, or in crowded tenement districts. House furnishings are similar to those in Western lifestyles and cities. These city-dwellers work in the same kinds of occupations that are found in most western cultures. The building of factories near the cities has attracted a large number of unskilled laborers from the farms. Many women work in clerical and administrative jobs and careers. A great many of Egypt's social-welfare organizations are run by women.
Western apparel are quite common in the cities. But the laborers, especially those who grew up on the farm of the Nile Valley, sometimes wear the ankle-length cotton "Gallabiyea, or Robe," and skullcap (Kufi) or Turban that have been worn for many centuries by the men and/or farmers of Egypt.
Most Egyptians are "Muslims." There are five to six million Egyptian Christians (Copts), who are found in rural and urban areas of the land. Throughout Egypt/Kemet all levels of public education, from primary school to college, are free to both girls and boys. Thousands of girls go on to college and then hold positions in all fields, including law, engineering, and medicine.
Primary education is compulsory for children between the ages of six and twelve. Many of those who complete primary school go on to preparatory and secondary or vocational schools. The preparatory school course lasts three years and prepares students for secondary school. There are three basic programs of study in secondary school, which also lasts three years. These are a program in domestic science, a technical studies program, and a program of general studies, with emphasis on academic subjects.
Egypt/Kemet has a number of national universities, which are free. The University of Cairo was founded in 1908 as a private university. The universities at Alexandria, Ain Shants (Cairo), Asyut, Helwan, Mansura, Minya, Tanta, and Zagazig were all founded by the Egyptian Government.
Al-Azhar University, in Cairo, was established in the 10th Century. Many consider it to be the oldest university in the world. It was founded as a center for teaching Arabic Literature, Islamic Law, and Muslim Theology. In 1961 the curriculum was expanded to include technical subjects along with its traditional course of study. There is now a women's college connected with the Al-Azhar as well.
There is only one foreign university in Egypt/Kemet today - the American University in Cairo... It was founded in 1919 by a group of United States Philanthropists. Many of its students come from outside the borders of Egypt/Kemet.
'Cairo,' the capital of Egypt and the largest city in Africa, is/was the cultural center of the Arab world for centuries. It has many museums, including the famed Egyptian Museum with its collection of Egyptian antiquities. In addition to being Egypt's seat of government, Cairo is a busy commercial, banking, and tourist center. The city also hosts Industrial plants, fringed along its outskirts.
On the Mediterranean Sea is the second largest city in "Africa"...'Alexandria.' Founded by "Alexander The Great," is also a very busy port on the Mediterranean. This city was founded, according to history, in 332 B.C. Alexandrain attracted poets and scholars from around the world (as it was known), including "Euclid,' the great mathematician, and "Ptolemy," the famous geographer. One of the seven wonders of the ancient world was "The Pharaohs," or "The Lighthouse of Alexandria." It was destroyed in the 14th century. "The Library of Alexandria is said to have contained over Four hundred thousand books. Alexandria is regarded as the summer headquarters for the national government. This location is famous for its white beaches, its rose gardens, and its palace museums.
The most famous of the country's ancient cities is "Luxor." Currently, it is a tourist city of luxury hotels overlooking the mysterious and beautiful Nile. Luxor also hosts "The Valley of the Kings!" The "Temple of Karnak," "The Tombs of the Queens and Kings," The Tombs of the Nobles, "Deir el Bahri (The funeral Temple of Queen Hatshepsut)," "The Colossi of Memmon (two Towering Statues of of AmenhotepIII)," "The Ramesseum" with its statues of "Ramses II," and "The Temple of Luxor" are all located within 'Luxor.'
"Aswan" is Egypt's winter resort. Aswan boasts of being one of the country's most rapidly growing city. Thanks to the construction of the "Aswan High Dam project" and the rapid growth of "Hydroelectric" and "Industrial Plants," its a sound and warranted "Pat-On-The-Back."
The country now known as "The Arab Republic of Egypt" has one of the longest histories in the world. The written history of the country goes back almost five thousand years, to the dawn of civilization. It was the ancient Egyptians who invented our first calendar.
"Members of The People's Assembly," Egypt's legislative body, are elected for five year terms. Half of the members must be either workers or farmers. The first multiparty elections for the assembly since 1952 were held in 1979. The head of state is the president, who is also commander in chief of the armed forces. The president is elected for a six-year term. Constitutional changes approved in 1980 allow the president to serve an indefinite number of terms. The president is assisted by a prime minister and a council of ministers.
The judicial branch of the government is independent of the other two branches. No member of the other two branches may interfere with the courts. All trials are conducted by three judges. There are no juries.
There used to be two court systems; the civil courts, which dealt with police cases; and the religious courts, which heard cases concerning such matters as marriage, divorce, and inheritance issues.
In 1956, the religious courts were abolished. But a constitutional amendment in 1980 made the Islamic Code the Chief Source of Law.
Some of the most impressive structures known, including the Great Pyramids (tombs for the early Egyptian Kings) and the 'Sphinx' at "Giza," were built before 200 B.C. The largest of the pyramids was constructed by "King Khufu, or Cheops," perhaps about 2600 B.C. Although there is and have been disagreements about early Egyptian dates, it is thought that Egypt came into being sometime around 3200 B.c., when a king named "Menes (also called "Narmer)" united the cities of northern and southern Egypt under one government.
In 640, Muslims (member of the newly formed religion of Islam), according to one record, swept westward from the Arabian Peninsula and conquered Egypt. The Muslims founded the city of Cairo in 969 and made it the capital of Egypt. Muslim "Caliphs" and their ministers ruled Egypt for many succeeding centuries. One of the most famous of the rulers of Egypt during this period of Muslim rule was "Saladin (1138-1193)," who fought the Christian Crusaders at the end of the 12th Century. The "Ottoman Turks" followed these rulers, dominating Egypt from 1517 to 1805, almost 300 years.
However, according to many scholarly sources, "The Hyksos," an eastern people whom very little is known, invaded Egypt and conquered the land, bringing with them the first horses and chariots ever seen in Egypt. Later, the Egyptians did drive out the usurpers...all this occurred between 1500 and 1675 B.C. In or around 1375 B.C., "Amenhotep IV" (Akhenaten) became king of Egypt. He abolished the worship of the many ancient Egyptian gods and introduced worship of only one god. Akhenaten was one of the world's first monotheists (believers in only one god). But after Akhenaten's death the believers in the old gods gained power again, and Akhenaten's reforms were disregarded.
"Menpehtyre Ramesses I" (or Ramses) was the founding pharaoh of ancient Egypt's 19th dynasty. The dates for his short reign are not completely known but the time-line of late 1292–1290 BC is as well as 1295–1294 BC. While Ramesses I was the founder of the 19th dynasty, in reality his brief reign marked the transition between the reign of Horemheb who had stabilized Egypt in the late 18th dynasty and the rule of the powerful pharaohs of this dynasty, in particular his son Seti I and grandson Ramesses II, who would bring Egypt up to new heights of imperial power.
One of the best known Egyptian kings was "Ramses II (1292-1225 B.C.)," who is known for his monuments and temples at 'Karnak' and for the temple he carved out of the cliffs on the western bank of the 'Nile River' at "Abu Simbel."
Around 1000 B.C., Egyptian power declined. Between this time and 332 B.C., Egypt was ruled in turn by the "Libyans," "Ethiopians," "Assyrians," and "The Persians." In 332 B.C. the country was conquered by "The Greeks," under "Alexander The Great." Upon his death one of his generals became ruler of Egypt, as "Ptolemy I." The dynasty of the 'Ptolemies' ended in 30 B.C., when "Cleopatra (69-30 B.C.)," the last of the line, took her own life. Egypt then became a 'Roman Province.' The succession of rulers for the next six-hundred-and-seventy years were appointed by 'Roman' and 'Byzantine' emperors. Egypt became largely 'Christian' during this period and was the home of the earliest 'Christian Monasticism.'
During 'Turkish' rule, "Napoleon I of France" landed in Egypt. His expedition to Egypt aroused great interest in the country on the part of 'Europeans.' One of Napoleon's officers discovered the "Rosetta Stone," which furnished the key to ancient Egyptian writing called "Hieroglyphics!"
Recorded text continues to explain Egypt's history with the entrance of "Mehemet Ali (Mohammed)" in 1805. He was of 'Albanian' descent. Mehemet was made "Pasha," or governor, of Egypt by the 'Ottoman Turks.' He seized power for himself and founded the "Last Egyptian Dynasty!"
It was during the reign of this dynasty that the "Suez Canal" was built and cotton became the country's most important crop. 'Mehemet Ali' and his successors often turned for funds to the 'British' and 'French.' British influence grew when, in 1875, the Egyptian government sold controlling interest in the Suez Canal to Britain. "Britain" declared "Egypt" a British Protectorate at the beginning of "World War I."
Egyptian Independence was recognized in 1922, when "Fuad I (1868-1936)" became ruler. Egypt fought on the side of the 'Allies' in World War II and became a charter member of the "United Nations" with strong British influence. Egypt and other Arab States objected to the formation of the new "Jewish Nation" after the proclamation of "Israel's Independence" in 1948. Albeit, part of this area was historically the 'Jewish Homeland,' Arabs had been living there for centuries. The Arabs felt, therefore, that their homes were being unfairly taken away from them. Undeclared war broke out between Israel and its Arab neighbors, which included Egypt. Armistice agreements were signed in 1949, but sporadic border fighting did not stop.
Discontent was a long lasting endurance with the corruption of "King Farouk (1920-1965)" led to a revolution by the army under "General Muhammad Naguib" in 1952. The country was declared a republic in 1953. In 1954, 'Naguib' stepped down in favor of "Colonel Gamal Abdel Nasser," who served as president until his death in 1970. He was succeeded by "Anwar el-Sadat."
When Egypt nationalized the 'Suez Canal' in 1956, Israel was refused use of the canal. Aide by France and Britain, Israel invaded Egypt and occupied almost the entire "Sinai" peninsula. Anglo-French landings took place in the "Port" side area. The United Nations intervened, and the invading forces withdrew. A United Nations emergency force was stationed on the Egyptian side of the border until 1967. in 1967 and 1973, Israel and Egypt fought two more wars in the 'Sinai'.
A United Nations peace-keeping team was again stationed in the area. The 'Suez Canal' was reopened to traffic in 1975.
The subject of "Arab Unity" has been discussed from time to time in the "Arab World." Syria and Egypt, in 1958, joined to form the "United Arab Republic." But Syria withdrew from the union in 1961, and Egypt changed its name to "The Arab Republic of Egypt, Syria, and Libya." The three Arab Republics approved the plan(s) to form a federation - but the proposed unification never came to fruition. Later, Egypt and Sudan signed a joint defense pact and have co-operated in a number of joint ventures on the economic development frontier(s). They held their first joint parliamentary sessions in 1977, but they have discussed no plans to create a single nation between the two.
The Egyptian President, Anwar Sadat made a historic visit to Jerusalem in 1977. Since its founding in 1978, Sadat became the first "Arab Leader" to visit Israel.
Israeli Prime Minister, "Menahem Begin," "Sadat," and United States President "Jimmy Carter" met at 'Camp David, Maryland' in 1978. They worked out an agreement for peace between Egypt and Israel and drew up a framework for a broader peace for the entire "Middle East." In stages, Israel agreed to withdraw from the "Sinai Peninsula" in 1982. With this action, the two nations did establish diplomatic relations in 1979.
The "Nobel Peace Prize" was shared in 1978 by 'Sadat' and 'Begin.' Many Arab Nations condemned Egypt's recognition of Israel and withdrew their aid and expelled Egypt from "the Arab League." Sadat was assassinated in 1981 by Muslim Extremists; according to the various reports; who opposed his policies, including the peace treaty with Israel. His successor, "Hosni Mubarak," continued to support the agreed upon peace treaty.
The last Israeli Troops withdrew from the 'Sinai' on April 25, 1982, and the area was returned to Egypt. However, relations between Israel and Egypt got bigger...strained again after Israeli Forces invaded "Lebanon" later that year.
Today, there remains unrest, hatred, suspicion, and hatred throughout the "Middle East."
Oh, what will happen next in such an historic land...?
"There are more things in Heaven and Earth Horatio, than are dreamt of in your philosophy"
" Infidels! Non-Believers! Intolerant Unbelievers - Unclean Hands and Eyes! - They Will Not / Shall Not Go Unpunished - They Shall Suffer The Consequences Of Their Accursed Desecration(s) and Actions Upon Our Most Sacred And Holy! ...They Shall Suffer - All of The Desecrators...Their Descendants - All - The Last Desecrator Is The Task At Hand!"
~ Mehemet Bey, High Priest of Karnak ~
The "Sacred Baboon" - the 24 carved in stone represents the twenty-four hours of the day, The Nubians and The Hittites - Waring Factions; Ramessu - Ramses; Abdu Kemet (Abydos, Egypt/Kemet; The Goddess Aset-Asarus-Isis and the "Seed of Conception;" The Sacred Baboon represents Birth - The Zuktite - The Hippo, breaking the water of birth; the Virgin Birth; The canopic Jars - Mummification
The last of the students (and teachers) from the college and university have arrived at the "Cairo Airport."
Professor Allen Frederick Bruce: (A White Male English Professor)
Penn State University - Doctorate Degree, specializing in World Archeology, History of the Ancients, Land and Building Architecture. Residing in Glennside, PA. (Anglo-American/Christian)
Professor Walter Patten Huddleston: (A White Male English Professor)
Temple University - Doctorate Degree, specializing in Archeology, World History, The Ancient Lands of Egypt, and Map Making. Residing in Willow Grove, PA. (Anglo-American/Christian))
Dr. Mary Elaine Delaney: (A White Female Teacher of Irish Descent)
Temple University - Doctorate Degree, specializing in Medicine, Coroner-Current Assistant Pennsylvania Medical Examiner assigned to Montgomery County Medical Examiners Office, Student of Archeology at Pierce College of Philadelphia, PA. Residing in South Philadelphia, PA. (Anglo-American/Christian))
Mr. Ali Ben Aswa: (An Asiatic/Middle Eastern Man)
Lincoln University - Masters Degree, specializing in History of Ancient Egyptians, Egypt, Archeology, World History, and Architecture. Residing in Mount Airy Philadelphia, PA. (Asian-MiddleEastern/Muslim)
Between the four educators, there was no way near enough capital to fund an expedition of any sort...Especially one such as this: They came up with the idea to form a school of archeological research and findings. They named the school - "The Archeological School of History and Research - A.S.H.B."
The founders have managed to excite and draw enough interested or like-minded students to their institute of higher learning; bringing in more than enough money to fund their needs and enterprise(s).
Out of forty-four enrolled students, fourteen of them have managed to pay or buy into the trip, expedition and dig in "The Land of The Ancients, Egypt.
The old firehouse, turned warehouse, and then abandoned building - a bad business site due to a lack of public parking in or around the 'Germantown Avenue and Johnson St.' location. The old firehouse building sat on the corner which hosted a small alley-way on the side of the structure to it's rear. The alley led to a small and secluded hub of what could be described as a "Cal de sac" of tiny row-homes; about ten of them; located at the rear of the old building. Since these houses were sort of off the beaten causeway in the neighborhood, many have had no idea of their existence. Many people residing in the Germantown, Mt. Airy area, had no idea that these structures actually existed. These buildings were once home to "Black Slaves" owned by the occupiers of the nearby mansions, one of which was owned by "Justice Benjamin S. Chew - of Cliveden Manor - The Cliveden."
The group of teachers had very little trouble obtaining a charter for their school. They were fully endorsed by their attended institutions of higher learning, colleagues, employers, business associates, and students. The school was set-up, off and running inside of a few months (as opposed to years of planning) - the trip to Egypt/Kemet/Mizram was squared away, permits (were obtained and granted), schedules, and all just inside of two to three weeks.
Arriving in "Abydos, Egypt," the groups first stop; after settling logging and meal accommodations; of the tour was the "Temple of "Seti, the first," at the "Ptahsokkor Shrine." Then they visited the "Great Pyramids" and the "Sphinx" for a photo-opt. The third stop was the "Temple of Karnak."
"Man, how majestic! I never thought that I'd ever be able to touch, let alone see these beautiful and magnificent creations - ever!" 'Walter Beville' made that highly emotional statement gleefully and with awe to his colleague, 'Sylvia Lacey,' of "Temple University" in Philadelphia, PA. She simply smiled at him.
'Michael Miller,' a graduate student of "The Berean Institute" in Philadelphia, PA shared Walter's ecstatic emotion. His concurrence added emphasis on the "Blackness" of the moment.
"Brother, you are absolutely correct - I felt that feeling when I went down to "D.C." and touched the statue of "Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr." But damn Bro., it's ten times that in comparison - being in here, in "The Valley of The Kings"; feeling this, the honor of the moment is indescribable! My Relatives, My Family, My People built and owned all of this!"
'Professor Allen Frederick Bruce, (PHD)' Penn State University, of "Glenside, PA" chimed in..."Man, you ain't seen nothing yet! Just wait until you get inside...a great man once said, "The Truth Shall Set You Free!" The inside information will definitely set right a whole bunch of lies!"
"Oh yes, you don't even have to know how to read hieroglyphics in order to understand the written messages therein," added 'Professor Walter Patrick Huddleston, (PHD)' Penn State University, of "Willow Grove, PA"
Allen and Walter made it clear to the group that they were the "Go-to-guys," Prof. Bruce before Prof. Huddleston.
'Dr. Mary Elaine Delaney, (PHD)' Temple University, a cute red-head of "South Philadelphia, PA" attempted to explain the rules and regulations while inside the temples, even though this is her first trip to Kemet/Egypt/Mizraim just like the rest of the group, except Allen and Walter; they've both been here before.
'Ali Ben Aswa,' Lincoln University (Masters), of "Mount Airy in Philadelphia, PA," said absolutely nothing. He nodded on occasion and gave a simple half-smile or two when necessary.
The remaining party laughed, giggled, spoke among themselves, pointed at things, and snapped photos...
"Just so that everyone knows who everyone is - we all should introduce and/or re-introduce ourselves so that we all might "buddy-up" for safety's sake.
As you all know, my name is Mary Delaney. I'm one of the four teachers here with you and back at our school, good ole' "A.S.H.R.!"
Most everyone laughed. But not Aswa.
"Of course, you all know the other three teachers...but just in case you didn't know or have forgotten, this tall, talented, and handsome guy is our illustrious leader, "Professor Allen Bruce!" She giggled like a silly juvenile school-girl as she made the introduction.
Bruce made himself noticed by stepping out in front of the group, waving and smiling. He stood about six foot two, two hundred and thirty-eight pounds, (Anglo-American), dark thick hair, bearded with a slight hint of silver elegantly placed throughout, and about forty-eight years of age.
"And our second in command "Mary continued, smiling brightly, "is Professor Walter Huddleston! ...C'mon step out here and take a bow, Dr. Huddleston...Walt!"
The amiable Walter stepped out in front of the group, just as Allen had done, giving a half-smile and a limp wave.
The whole group laughed lightly and half-smiled in return.
Walter stood about six-foot-one, slightly built, well muscled and groomed, slightly wimpish, not a coward, highly intelligent, long brown shoulder length hair, pulled back into a "Pony-tail," (Anglo-American), about thirty-five years of age, and weighing about two-hundred and twenty-five pounds.
"And now, last but not least, is our own walking "Middle-Eastern Historian," none other than Master Ali Ben Aswa!"
Aswa looked at Mary with disdain. She didn't recognize it. Aswa felt like the target of a group of infidels who had the nerve to attempt at making him an example; a fool in his own land. He cared not for their jovial introduction(s).
Ali Ben Aswa peered over the group of students; pausing slightly when locking eyes with the ones of color; and smiled along with a half-bow.
"Many thanks, Effendi, and welcome to my natural born home-land."
Aswa was not a large man. He stood a little under six-foot and was of a thin build. Neatly trimmed raven black hair, clean shaven, well-dressed, golden brown of complexion, and hauntingly gentle soft brown eyes with a touch of sadness as well. He was a very handsome man. (Saqqara, Egypt/Sunni Muslim).
"Now that we are all getting acquainted with out staff membership, let's all get to meet you one and all."
Mary smiled as he pointed at the students, directing them to the center spot within the group's circle. A portable microphone, attached to a recording device and speaker was passed along. The group was standing in the back-lot of the 'Cairo Hotel' with a majestic view of the Pyramids in the back-drop.
One by one, the students all stood in turn, introducing themselves...
"Hi everyone, My name is Cullen Harper (a young black 21 year old male of thin build). I'm a third year student at Penn State University. My major is literary science and archeology, while my minor is 'Black History.' It's great being here and it's nice meeting you all, thank you!" He smiled and passed the mic.
"Hi everybody...I'm 'Katherine Leggits (an 18 year old white female who is of an attractive petite frame).' Everybody calls me 'Kate!' I'm also studying at Penn State University's Ogontz Campus in Abington just outside of Philly. I am also a third year student studying archeology, literary science, astrology, and theater. Thank you so very much - I'm happy to be here with you all as well!" She smiled and stepped back into the group, handing the microphone to the next student.
"Hello Everyone, my name is 'Walter Beville (a five-foot-seven medium built Black man of 18 years).' I'm a fourth year student at Temple University in Philly, PA. My major interest of study is "Ancient Egypt" and "Ancient History," along with 'Black History.' I guess one could say I would be classified as a historian of sorts...nice traveling and being here with you all." He smiled and passed the mic.
Next in line was Frank Lifton, (an athletic two-hundred and fifty pound, six-foot-two thirty year old Black warehouse worker). "Hello all...I'm 'Frank.' Like Brother Walt, I'm a four year student as well. The only difference is our choice of schools. I'm from 'Chaney University." Frank didn't smile or wave, he simply passed the microphone to the next introductee...'Gloria.'
"Hello, my name is 'Gloria Epstein' (a pretty twenty-year old woman of Jewish descent). I'm a second year student at Penn State. My campus is also the Ogontz location just outside of Philadelphia in Abington, Montgomery County. I'm majoring in archeology and ancient history with computer science thrown in as well." Gloria stood just over five-foot two; a pretty Jewish auburn-haired woman with a deliciously desireable build and a bit more "Earthy" than she would admit.
Gloria smiled at everyone and passed the speaking device along to the next speaker.
"Hello, my name is 'Sylvia Lacey.' I'm so very happy and privileged to be here with you all. Like most of us, I'm a third year student at Temple University, majoring in archeology and ancient history...thanks for sharing this major experience, it's the most thrilling experience of a life time!" 'Sylvia' carried a body that just wouldn't quit. with piercing green eyes, she is twenty-one years of age and of Irish decent. She wore a crown of beautiful long red hair pulled back into a wavy pony-tail, tied with a pink ribbon. she was pretty tall, standing just shy of six-foot. She smiled and waved her red painted nails while passing the mic...it went to "Norma."
Unlike 'Sylvia,' twenty-three, who measured up physically with 'Gloria,' differing in hair color, style, and height. 'Gloria' sported curly shoulder length hair, while 'Norma's' hair is blonde and thick, growing in length down her back, settling along her belt-line. 'Norma' is also a bit taller than the preceding speakers. She stood about five-foot-eleven, sporting a full-figured, yet attractive frame.
"Greetings and Salutations everyone! Aren't we lucky as all hell to be here in 'Egypt?' Do you think we'll get the opportunity to see some "Mummies" and things?" She smiled and giggled...and then let loose a hearty soul-felt laugh...and the group laughed too. Aswa didn't.
"My name is 'Norma Christensen,' and I'm happy to be here with you. I'm in my fourth year at 'Pierce College' in center city Philadelphia. My course major is ancient art. Oh how I love artifacts and old stuff!" She smiled and giggled some more and continued, "On the low end of my studies is liberal arts. I'm really digging it and having such a blast! Thank you."
'Norma' sat down with the mic still in her hand, She had to be reminded to pass it along to the next student. She embarrassingly laughed and passed the mic to 'Micheal.' He stood six-foot-three with a strong lean muscled frame. His neatly cropped and tapered "Afro" was much admired. He was clean shaven except for a curved yet thin mustache; looking sort of like "Pecos-Bob," or something of the sort; that the ladies found quite attractive. This young Black Man was about twenty-three year of age with the kool suave and graceful manner of someone twice his age.
"Hi, my parents named me "Micheal Miller." Out of respect for my father and his father, I've retained the "Slave Name." You may all address me as 'Mike.' It won't bother me as long as we can retain a level of mutual respect. And yes, we are all very much privileged to be able to set foot in "The Land of Kem." Many call it "Egypt" while the 'Motherland' is truly known as "Kemet" or "Mizraim." I feel that I've truly, yet simply come home to "Mother Africa," the ancestral home of my people!"
This young man got 'Aswa's' attention. "Oh yes, we are all very much privileged to be in such a place of honor - respect as well!"
Micheal continued, "I'm in my second year at "The Berean Institute." I'm studying computer science, and business administration as well as world history at 'Temple University's' P.A.S.C.E.P. Program in Philly. ...Remember, respect the history and culture of the 'Motherland,' and all will be well. "HOTEP!""
Aswa smiled to himself. He liked this young man.
'Mike' passed the mic to the next speaker. This guy was immense in stature. He could very easily be mistaken for a professional football player in the N.F.L. He stood six-foot-nine at two-hundred and seventy-eight pounds. There didn't appear to be an ounce of fat on this twenty-eight year old Black Man.
"My name is 'Neville F. Armstrong.' Don't ask me what the "F" in my middle name is...I won't tell you!" He smiled. The group laughed aloud. "Hello everyone. It's great being here with you in this land of history, ancient mysteries, and fascination. I think it's great that we're all here together on such an adventure as this. I'm a third year student at 'Chaney University.' I'm studying anthropolgy, archeology, and architecture."
The intelligently and handsome big man semi-waved at the group as he smiled and sat down. He too forgot to pass the mic and had to be reminded.
Meanwhile, a pair of green eyes followed him and remained focused upon him for quite some awhile... He had been admired ever since the beginning of the trip.
'Alfred S. Stiller,' got the mic next. He didn't speak loudly. He spoke swiftly and passed the mic along. 'Alfred was a tall, lean and frail looking 'Anglo-American.' His Alma Mater is 'Strayer University.' His campus of study is located in Montgomery County, just outside of Philadelphia, PA. His major is anthropology and archeology. He's also a third year student. Alfred wore heavily prescribed eye-glasses and was pretty shy around the female gender. He was also a kid of nineteen years from the 'Huntington Valley region, a suburban community just outside Northeast Philadelphia.
'Steven Rinere' got the mic next. Like 'Alfred,' he was tall and lean. He didn't wear glasses. He also is an "Anglo-American' of nineteen years of age studying at the 'Philadelphia College of Osteopathic Medical Sciences, in his third year of medical studies; intending to become a doctor, his studies also include 'anthropology and archeology. 'Steve' is from the "Bala Cynwyd' area of Philly. He learned of this archeological trip through friends and family familiar with Professor Bruce. He only stated his name and school, while quickly passing the mic to the next student who stood waiting.
'Jonathan Mason,' also attends "The Philadelphia College of Osteopathic Medicine and Sciences. He transferred from the University of Philadelphia. He is twenty-one years of age, a "Hebrew" Afro-American from 'Germantown' in Philly, attending school in his fourth year of studying medicine, anthropology, and archeology. He was told about the trip via his friend and school-mate, Jonathan is of average height, about six-foot tall, weighing near one-hundred and ninety pounds.
The mic was then passed to 'James.'
"Yo, wha's up y'all! I'm James Xavier Harper, also a proud Black Man from 'Chaney University.' "I don't know the Brother who spoke before me from "Chaney,' but shit, I don't know y'all either. Y'all can call me 'James X,' or 'Jimmy,' and plain ole 'James.' ...I might respond and I might not." He expected a laugh or two. Maybe even a smile. He got neither. So he continued speaking..."My neighborhood is in North Philly, 'thirty-third and Cumberland' to be precise. I'm twenty-two years old, preparing to graduate from my senior year. I'm studying liberal arts, theatrical arts, and history...taking this trip for extra credit. Topping off my grades and shit, puts me over the edge..."In like Flint, ya know!" They can't take away my degree...for any fuckin reason! I've earned It - I worked hard as hell for it! Oh, and by the way, I don't take no shit either - from anybody!"
'James,' as observed by everyone, was a bit rough around the edges...(to be continued).
(...This passage is simply a taste of a new and upcoming novella. Hope You've enjoyed the opening. :-) )
STAY TUNED FOR THE ENTIRE STORY, COMING SOON!
"There are more things in Heaven and Earth Horatio, than are dreamt of in your philosophy."
~William Shakespeare-'Hamlet'/Jorge Luis Borges-'Book of Sand'~
The Temple of Amen and The Black Jesus/Yahushua
The Origin of The Immaculate Conception Story / Abdu Kemet (Abydos, Egypt)
The Invasions and Battles of Kemet From The Ancient Temple
God's Chosen Children at The Temple of Ramessu, Kemet (Egypt)
The African Origin of Noah's Ark and Other Biblical Stories
Mummies of The World
Q: Where do these mummies come from?
The exhibition features a group of fascinating mummies and artifacts on loan from 12 world-renowned museums, organizations and collections coming from 5 countries.
Q: Are these mummies real?
Mummies of the World is the largest collection of real mummies and related artifacts that has ever been assembled! You will be seeing a fascinating collection of mummies with some increadible stories, including:
-The Vac Mummies, a mummified family from Hungary believed to have died from tuberculosis
-The Baron Von Holz, a German nobleman found tucked away in the family crypt of a 14th century castle wearing his best leather boots
-The Burns Collection, a group of medical mummies used to teach anatomy in the early 19th century
-An Egyptian priest named Nes-Hor whom we have determined had arthritis and a broken left hip
-Egyptian animal mummies including a falcon, a fish, a dog and a baby crocodile, many of which were deliberately preserved to accompany royals for eternity
-MUMAB, the first replication of Egyptian mummification done on a body in 2,800 years
-And much more….
Q: What is a mummy?
A mummy is the dead body of an animal or a human that has been preserved after death so that it does not decompose. To be considered a mummy and not just a skeleton, the body must keep some of its soft tissue, such as hair, skin or muscles.
Q: What is mummification and how do mummies happen?
Mummification takes place when the process of decay is blocked, generally from a lack of moisture or oxygen. This can happen as an intentional process, which sometimes is referred to as intentional or artificial mummification, or as a natural process, which sometimes is referred to as natural or accidental mummification.
Some cultures, like the Egyptians, practiced intentional or artificial mummification, removing the internal organs and treating the corpses with some type of resin or chemical (often called embalming), and then bandaging or wrapping them. Natural mummification often occurs as a result of an environment where temperature, humidity or other conditions have preserved the remains. This may have happened accidentally, when people either died in locations where environmental conditions preserved the bodies, or when people were purposely placed in locations that would mummify the body, such as a dry, cool cave, a bog or crypt.
Q: Why study mummies and what can they teach us?
Mummies provide a window to the past, teaching us about the lives, history and cultures of every region of the world. By studying mummies, we can learn more about the times and places in which they lived. Through modern science, their bodies tell us scientific facts; how tall people were, how long they lived, what kinds of food they ate and the diseases and injuries they suffered from. Clothing, jewelry and other personal artifacts placed on or with a mummy can tell us about the person’s status and lifestyle, as well as the values, beliefs, and attitudes of the culture in which they lived. By knowing how people lived long ago, we can better understand how differently people live today. This allows us to observe how cultures change over time and give us insight into how our own culture may change in the future.
Q: Where are mummies found?
Not all mummies come from Egypt and are wrapped. In fact, mummies come from all over the world and have been found on every continent. Mummies of the World features mummies from South America, Europe, as well as Egypt. They include mummies that have been intentionally preserved and mummies that have been naturally preserved and found in places as varied as deserts, caves, salt, sand, cellars, crypts and bogs.
Dr. Zahi Hawass, Youtube; Cairo, Kemet (Egypt), Saqqaura (Saqqara, Saqqarah, Saqqara); Bird, Pyramid
Mummy Wrappings - Mummification:
Papyrus Linen and Ramie: Bacteria and Mildew Resistant - Myrh and other spices are placed inside the body; The Salt-like Natron Solution is applied to dry the body - It takes 70 Days for total completion.
The New Book of Knowledge, Grolier Inc., Danbury Conn., 1984
The fez is a felt headdress of two types: either in the shape of a close-fitting skull cap, or a short cylindrical peakless hat made of kilim fabric, both usually red, and sometimes with a tassel attached to the top. It is named after the Moroccan city Fez, the capital of the Kingdom of Morocco until 1927. The modern fez owes much of its development and popularity to the Ottoman era.
Headgear (redirect from Hats and Caps)
considered modest. Muslim men also wear a skullcap called a "kufi" or taqiyah (cap). Until more recent times, men in most Muslim societies were rarely
African and African-American usage:
In West Africa, a kufi cap is the traditional hat for men, and is part of the national costume of most of the countries in the region. It is worn by Muslims, African Christians and African Jews, although originally Islamic. Many grandfathers and other older men wear a kufi every day to symbolize their status as wise elders, religious people, or family patriarchs.
Within the United States, it has become identified primarily with persons of West African heritage, who wear it to show pride in their culture, history, and religion (whether Christianity, Islam, Judaism or Traditional African religions). Often made of kente cloth, mudcloth, or knitted or crocheted in a variety of yarns.
The dashiki is a colorful garment for women and men worn mostly in West Africa. It covers the top half of the body. It has formal and informal versions and varies from simple draped clothing to fully tailored suits. A common form is a loose-fitting pullover garment, with an ornate V-shaped collar, and tailored and embroidered neck and sleeve lines. It is frequently worn with a brimless Kufi cap, which is worn in Islamic communities in Africa and the African diaspora, and a pair of pants. The name dashiki is derived from the Hausa word dan ciki, which means shirt.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Menpehtyre Ramesses I (or Ramses) was the founding pharaoh of ancient Egypt's 19th dynasty. The dates for his short reign are not completely known but the time-line of late 1292–1290 BC is frequently cited as well as 1295–1294 BC. While Ramesses I was the founder of the 19th dynasty, in reality his brief reign marked the transition between the reign of Horemheb who had stabilized Egypt in the late 18th dynasty and the rule of the powerful pharaohs of this dynasty, in particular his son Seti I and grandson Ramesses II, who would bring Egypt up to new heights of imperial power.
Author, First Book of the Arab World
Reviewed by Mona N. Mikhail, Hagop Kevorkian Center for Near Eastern Studies, New York University
Dr. Martin Luther King Quotes:
#GuyFawkes #25thDynasty #HolyBible #JamesCharlesStuart #Kings #Wrappings #Mummies #Queens #TWWOB #WellRead #WinnsboroSC #AfricanDiaspora #ShortStories #BlackAuthors #BookEnds #UnitedBlackLibrary #Boulware #Butler #FindingYourRoots #BlackThen #TheBookMark #BoulwareBooks #ReadAloud #TheAmazonian #HBCU #PBS #IndieBound #BookIt2Me #KDP #TheStoryTeller #ShortStory #AStoryTold #BlackStoryTellers #NativeTeams #NativeSpirits #NativeMediaNetwork #WordPress #WarriorsOfTheMedicineWheel #AIVMI #FaceBook #PinteRest #Twitter #LinkedIn #Blogger #TheConnectPlatform #BlackInAmerica #PBS #WHYY #History #BlackHistory #Egypt #Nubian #Africa #Books #Goodreads #TheBookMarketingNetwork #NationalActionNetwork #NAN #MinoritiesInHealthcare #ReadAloud #ShabbatShalom #AsSalaamAlaikum #Islam #Judaism #Hebrew #Muslim #BoulwareBooks #NativeSpirits #TheStoryOfUs #PeopleOfColorAroundTheWorld #TheShiP #UnsungAuthors #People #UnitedBlackLibrary #SmallPress #Traditional #Publisher #OpsCheckBooks #ChatelainPressImprints #CookPublishing #CookPubs #EmAndAhrBooks #BlackThen #NelsonMandela #DrCornelWest #GISMABusinessSchool #PoliticsNation #DW #DWNews #MadeForMinds #RevJessieJackson #PhilaBear #DelaBear #WHYY #Impeached #Impeachment #FlipLoud #BookGorilla #BookBlast #KindleBooks #Tips #BookBub #KindleMysteries #TheFussyLibrarian #Publications #Publicized #RealStories #Novellas #BlogRoll #URL #FaceBookReaders #BookPromos #TheAuthorsGroup #BadAssReads #HarlemBookFair #UnitedBlackBooks #MosaicBooks #NationalBlackBookFestival #IndependentBlackMedia #EzineArticles #ReadAloud #TheBritishBookIndustry #TheBritishBookAwards #BookSellerAssociation #BertramBooks #BonnierPublishing #FMcM #FirstryGroup #Gardners #HarbottleandLewis #HarperCollinsPublishers #IPG #IndependentPublishersGuild #FredNeuman #Nielson #PublishersPublicityCircle #TheReadingAgency #ThePublishersAssociation #OG #BoulwarePublications #IndieBound #KDP #Robots #ArtificialIntelligence #AI#TheAssociationofLearnedandProfessionalSocietyPublishers #Tesco #BarnesandNoble #NewAppleBooks #PandorasBooks #Nibbies #CongressionalBlackCaucus #NigelRoby #Published #Forbes #PCH #PublishersClearingHouse #SOHOPress #VikingBooks #DoubledayBooks #ProjectedLetters #People #GISMABusinessSchool #UnitedBlackLibrary #EmAndAhrBooks
Article Source: http://EzineArticles.com/10162827